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Osnovni alat

Zašto novinarstvo orijentirano na rješenja?

How do i know if its not

Smatramo da je za objašnjenje toga šta je novinarstvo orijentirano na rješenja često efikasnije davati primjere onoga što ono nije. Ovo je sedam vrsta uljeza u novinarstvu orijentiranom na rješenja koje smo uočili ranije u medijima. 

Obožavanje heroja

Ovo su priče koje slave ili veličaju pojedinca, često na štetu objašnjenja ideje koju pojedinac iznosi. Umjesto da se govori o vrijednostima pristupa do kojih je pojedinac došao, priča ističe, naprimjer, odluku neke osobe da napusti dobro plaćeni posao kako bi spasila svijet.

Srebrni metak

Te priče se često vide u rubrikama o tehnologiji i inovacijama. U njima se novi uređaji opisuju sa entuzijazmom – nazivaju ih, naprimjer, “spasiocima”. Također, napomena: Novac se ponekad smatra srebrnim metkom.

Usluga za prijatelja

Ponekad možete prepoznati ovog uljeza jer je jedini ili preovlađujući glas, glas organizacije koja se predstavlja. Kao i priča “srebrni metak”, ona ne sadrži mnogo “biti siguran” pasusa – tj. od opreza do uspjeha – i izgleda kao slabo prikriveni PR.

Think tank

Publicistika može istražiti rješenja ukoliko postoji stvarno izvještavanje o postojećim odgovorima na probleme (i rezultate). Ali, “think tank novinarstvo” odnosi se na novinarstvo koje predlaže stvari koje još ne postoje.

Instant aktivista

Mnogi ljudi misle, kad vide frazu “novinarstvo orijentirano na rješenja”, da mi promoviramo tekstove koji od čitaoca traže da klikne na dugme na kraju i donira pet dolara. Ove priče se pozivaju na osjećajnost, a zatim traže podršku za određenu stvar, kao sredstvo za “rješavanje” problema.

Naknadna misao

Ovo je pasus ili zvučni insert na kraju priče koja obrađuje neki problem a koji daje prazna obećanja u vidu napora za njihovo rješavanje. Rješenja se ne posmatraju sa velikom ozbiljnošću, već se ubacuju kao naknadna misao.

“Grijač” srca

Ova vrsta novinarstva je neobična i jednokratna. Često se pojavljuje na kraju večernjih vijesti ili na Dan zahvalnosti, prikazujući dijete za štandom sa limunadom ili momka koji je za svoju voljenu svinju napravio kolica (svinja se, pomalo ironično, zove “Chris P. Bacon” (Kris P. Bejkon; bejkon = slanina). To gledaocu govori da u svijetu postoje dobri ljudi koji rade simpatične stvari, ali se ne dotiče strukturalnih pitanja kojima želimo da se novinarstvo orijentirano na rješenja bavi.

4 Comments

  • Svet Lustig

    What if a reporter thinks of something that has never been implemented before ? If the solution is substantiated, and it is explained why this has not been implemented, can this not be solutions journalism?

  • Svet Lustig

    What if a reporter thinks of something that has never been implemented before ? If the solution is substantiated, and it is explained why this has not been implemented, can this not be solutions journalism?

  • Felicia Gaddis

    @willdriscoll I agree that discussing the 10 ideas is important and that that discussion needs to be done publically and that journalism is the vehicle by which it should be done. But maybe Solutions Journalism kicks in after the discussion has already taken place. That it is only one spoke in a wheel of options available to find solutions to problems.

  • Will Driscoll

    It seems there's something you don't like about journalism that proposes something that doesn't yet exist ("think tank journalism"). Is that because you think such writing should be published as an op-ed instead? Or perhaps you believe that an idea is only worth writing about if it has been tried. What if it takes discussion of 10 ideas before identifying three worth trying, and then trying those three ideas to find the one that works best. Should journalists turn their backs on the "discussion of 10 ideas" phase?

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“Ne mislim da je suočiti ljude sa njihovim neuspjehom i tući ih po glavi... uvijek najefikasniji način za promjenu.”

Claudiarowe
Claudia Rowe (Klaudija Rou)
The Seattle Times
Kako da znam da je to novinarstvo orijentirano na rješenja (SJ)?

Zašto novinarstvo orijentirano na rješenja?
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