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Obsah
  1. I. Úvod (30m)
  2. II. Reportáž (60m)
  3. III. Vyprávění příběhu (30m)
Resources

Základní manuál

Jak se pozná Solutions Journalism?

Tady je pět kritérií, která vám mohou přijít vhod, když připravujete reportáž zaměřenou na řešení. Ne každý článek bude vyhovovat všem těmto kritériím – a je to tak v pořádku – ale doufáme, že vás inspirují k zamyšlení:

1

Do hloubky se zaměřuje na reakci na nějaký společenský problém

Zatěžkávací zkouška: Pokud příběh nepopisuje reakci na problém, nejde o žurnalistiku orientovanou na řešení. Danou reakci je třeba vysvětlit v kontextu problému, na který směřuje. Tím, že zdokumentujete příčiny daného problému, ukážete příležitosti pro řešení tak, aby mohlo zapůsobit a mít dopad.

2

Detailně a smysluplně prozkoumává, jak reakce funguje

Kvalitní reportáž zaměřená na řešení pátrá po tom, „jak na to“, a klade si otázky typu: Jaké modelové příklady jsou při zlepšování výsledků vzdělávání úspěšné a jak vlastně fungují? Příběh je postaven na řešení problému a napětí vychází z obtížnosti, která je s ním neodmyslitelně spjatá.

3

Zaměřuje se na účinnost, nikoli dobré úmysly, a předkládá dostupné důkazy o výsledcích

Žurnalistika zaměřená na řešení stojí na nápadech – ale jako u každé dobré novinařiny i tady platí, že určení toho, co funguje (nebo nefunguje), musí být všude, kde je to možné, podloženo přesvědčivými důkazy. U počátečních nápadů, kde mohou být jediným „důkazem“ tvrzení důvěryhodných pozorovatelů, je nejdůležitější je nepřeceňovat.

4

Poskytuje nejen inspiraci, ale i porozumění užitečné pro ostatní

To, co činí žurnalistiku zaměřenou na řešení neodolatelnou, je objevování – cesta, která dovádí čtenáře nebo diváka k porozumění, jak svět funguje, a – snad také – jak by mohl fungovat lépe.

5

Rozebírá, co na daném přístupu nefunguje

Dokonalé řešení společenského problému neexistuje. Každá reakce má své limity a rizika. Kvalitní žurnalistika zaměřená na řešení se ale nedokonalostí nezalekne.

9 Komentáře

  • Sallu Kamuskay

    I am from Sierra Leone, a country where most journalists don't have time to find solutions to the stories they share, this is mostly because most of them are politically divided. all they care about is the bad or good news depending on the party in power. not the problem, why the problem, and the solution. This is one of the reasons that pushed me into a freelance journalist and created a blog, www.salonemessengers.com. I am looking forward to learning and sharing these ideas with my team. thank you so much for this. very very helpul.

  • Naima Mungai

    The link for the final questions has an error code. Otherwise, very interesting set of problems.

  • Lourdes Perez Ramirez

    ¿Consideran ustedes que hay alguna diferencia entre el periodismo social (social journalism) y periodismo de soluciones? Do you consider there is any difference between social and solutions journalism? If so, which and why? Thanks.

  • Crysly Egaña

    El periodismo de soluciones está enfocado en la respuesta a un problema social. Ahora, si la respuesta no tiene buena repercusión, de acuerdo con la evidencia encontrada ¿aún se presenta como periodismo de soluciones? Pareciera que el enfoque solo se utiliza si la respuesta, con su respectiva evidencia, dio buenos resultados.

  • Chidindu Mmadu-Okoli

  • Chidindu Mmadu-Okoli

    I love this approach to journalism. Most stories tend to have open-ended angles seeking answers. But, these five points pf focus have opened my eyes to know that stories can also be told from the angle of impact and response and how it is measured.

  • Andrew Hobbs

    These resources are excellent, and I use them in teaching. One question: can you give an example of the 'insight' point?

  • Miguel Herrera Castro

    I'm no a journalist but this approach to journalism is a very interesting angle from which to explore how to communicate NGOs and government's social programs from an insiders view. I think it's always relevant to discuss (in point 2) how the solution can be financially sustainable, what segment of people it targets and what are the intermediate results between the solution and it's desired impact.

  • Chibuike Alagboso

    So does it mean that an amazing idea that has potential to impact a large group of people can be investigated as a solutions story? This is in reference to the last part of point 3 - For early-stage ideas, where the only “evidence” may be the assertions of credible observers, the key is to not overclaim.

Resources

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„Při zpracování těchto příběhů jsem cítil velkou míru uspokojení, protože jsem jen nenaříkal nad problémem, ale nabízel jsem čtenářům nové myšlenky. A myslím, že odezva na sociálních sítích ukázala, že lidé tento typ účasti vyhledávají, protože podněcuje více dialogu.“

Davidgambacorta
David Gambacorta
Philadelphia Magazine!
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Quiz
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Story B is the imposter!

The word “hero” is the giveaway here. Maggie Doyne obviously is doing good work for children in Nepal. But the focus of this story is her, rather than on the response itself and how it works. In a solutions story, the idea comes first; a visionary leader can be an important character, but that person shouldn’t drive the narrative.

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Story B is the imposter!

Solutions stories stick to the facts: Here’s what’s happening, here’s how it works, and here’s the evidence. This piece invites readers to take specific actions as ways to address the problem of homelessness among veterans. It’s not bad for people to get involved in causes – but encouraging them to do one thing or another isn’t the job of journalists.

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Story A is the imposter!

Usually, a ball is, in fact, just a ball. This story actually does a good job of explaining how One World Futbol works, but it dramatically overclaims without corresponding evidence. Remember: There is no perfect or even “best” response to a problem; every solution has weaknesses, and those should be acknowledged.

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Story A is the imposter!

We call this a “think tank” story: It reveals an idea for a response to the problem of access to higher education – but that idea is just an idea, not an innovation that’s been put into practice. Think-tank stories typically emerge from academic research or the policy realm, and they can be useful in guiding reporters to actual responses that are playing out on the ground. But solutions journalism is anchored in responses that actually exist now.

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