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Conteúdo Geral
  1. I. Introdução (30m)
  2. II. Reportagem Básica (60m)
  3. III. Narração Básica (30m)
Resources

Kit de Ferramentas Básicas

Como Sei que é Jornalismo de Soluções?

Aqui estão cinco critérios a serem aplicados ao escrever/produzir uma história orientada para soluções. Nem toda história atenderá a todos esses critérios, e não tem problema – mas esperamos que isto inspire sua reflexão:

1

Concentra-se profundamente na resposta a um problema social

A prova dos nove: se a história não descreve uma resposta, não se trata de jornalismo de soluções. Essa resposta deve ser explicada no contexto do problema que se está tentando resolver. Documentar as causas desse problema esclarecerá a oportunidade para que uma solução crie alavancagem e impacto.

2

Examina como a resposta funciona com detalhes significativos

Uma ótima história de soluções se aprofunda nos procedimentos da solução de problemas, investigando perguntas como: “Quais modelos estão sendo bem-sucedidos em melhorar um resultado educacional e como eles realmente funcionam?” A narrativa é guiada pela solução de problemas, e a tensão reside na dificuldade inerente à solução de um problema.

3

Concentra-se na eficácia, não nas boas intenções, apresentando evidências disponíveis dos resultados

O jornalismo de soluções tem a ver com ideias – mas, como todo bom jornalismo, a determinação do que funciona (ou não) tem apoio, sempre que possível, em evidências sólidas. Para ideias em estágio inicial, em que a única "evidência" pode ser a afirmação de observadores confiáveis, a dica é não exagerar.

4

Oferece não apenas inspiração, mas insights que outros podem usar

O que torna o jornalismo de soluções atraente é a descoberta – a jornada que leva o leitor ou o espectador a ter uma ideia de como o mundo funciona e, talvez, do que pode ser feito para funcionar melhor.

5

Discute o que não está funcionando na abordagem

Não existe uma solução perfeita para um problema social. Toda resposta tem contingências, limitações e riscos. O bom jornalismo de soluções não evita a imperfeição.

10 Comments

  • Kunnathully Kishore

    I am a working journalists, also involved in training the rural journalists not having basic education in journalism mainly in tribal belt of Chhattisgarh, India. We have been laying emphasis on solution based journalism from the negativity. I hope these course will provide better insight into the solution based journalism.

  • Sallu Kamuskay

    I am from Sierra Leone, a country where most journalists don't have time to find solutions to the stories they share, this is mostly because most of them are politically divided. all they care about is the bad or good news depending on the party in power. not the problem, why the problem, and the solution. This is one of the reasons that pushed me into a freelance journalist and created a blog, www.salonemessengers.com. I am looking forward to learning and sharing these ideas with my team. thank you so much for this. very very helpul.

  • Naima Mungai

    The link for the final questions has an error code. Otherwise, very interesting set of problems.

  • Lourdes Perez Ramirez

    ¿Consideran ustedes que hay alguna diferencia entre el periodismo social (social journalism) y periodismo de soluciones? Do you consider there is any difference between social and solutions journalism? If so, which and why? Thanks.

  • Crysly Egaña

    El periodismo de soluciones está enfocado en la respuesta a un problema social. Ahora, si la respuesta no tiene buena repercusión, de acuerdo con la evidencia encontrada ¿aún se presenta como periodismo de soluciones? Pareciera que el enfoque solo se utiliza si la respuesta, con su respectiva evidencia, dio buenos resultados.

  • Chidindu Mmadu-Okoli

  • Chidindu Mmadu-Okoli

    I love this approach to journalism. Most stories tend to have open-ended angles seeking answers. But, these five points pf focus have opened my eyes to know that stories can also be told from the angle of impact and response and how it is measured.

  • Andrew Hobbs

    These resources are excellent, and I use them in teaching. One question: can you give an example of the 'insight' point?

  • Miguel Herrera Castro

    I'm no a journalist but this approach to journalism is a very interesting angle from which to explore how to communicate NGOs and government's social programs from an insiders view. I think it's always relevant to discuss (in point 2) how the solution can be financially sustainable, what segment of people it targets and what are the intermediate results between the solution and it's desired impact.

  • Chibuike Alagboso

    So does it mean that an amazing idea that has potential to impact a large group of people can be investigated as a solutions story? This is in reference to the last part of point 3 - For early-stage ideas, where the only “evidence” may be the assertions of credible observers, the key is to not overclaim.

Resources

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“Senti grande satisfação nessas histórias porque eu não estava apenas lamentando um problema na Filadélfia, mas oferecendo aos leitores algumas ideias novas. E acho que a resposta nas mídias sociais enfatizou que as pessoas estão procurando esse tipo de engajamento, porque isso gera mais um diálogo.”

Davidgambacorta
David Gambacorta
Philadelphia Magazine!
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Quiz
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Story B is the imposter!

The word “hero” is the giveaway here. Maggie Doyne obviously is doing good work for children in Nepal. But the focus of this story is her, rather than on the response itself and how it works. In a solutions story, the idea comes first; a visionary leader can be an important character, but that person shouldn’t drive the narrative.

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Story B is the imposter!

Solutions stories stick to the facts: Here’s what’s happening, here’s how it works, and here’s the evidence. This piece invites readers to take specific actions as ways to address the problem of homelessness among veterans. It’s not bad for people to get involved in causes – but encouraging them to do one thing or another isn’t the job of journalists.

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Story A is the imposter!

Usually, a ball is, in fact, just a ball. This story actually does a good job of explaining how One World Futbol works, but it dramatically overclaims without corresponding evidence. Remember: There is no perfect or even “best” response to a problem; every solution has weaknesses, and those should be acknowledged.

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Story A is the imposter!

We call this a “think tank” story: It reveals an idea for a response to the problem of access to higher education – but that idea is just an idea, not an innovation that’s been put into practice. Think-tank stories typically emerge from academic research or the policy realm, and they can be useful in guiding reporters to actual responses that are playing out on the ground. But solutions journalism is anchored in responses that actually exist now.

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Como Sei Que Não É Jornalismo de Soluções?
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