Prikaži sadržaj
  1. I. Uvod (30m)
  2. II. Osnovno izveštavanje (60m)
  3. III. Osnove pripovedanja (30m)
Resources

Osnovni alat

Kako da znam da je to novinarstvo orijentisano ka rešenjima (SJ)?

Ovo je pet kriterijuma koje treba primeniti prilikom pisanja/osmišljavanja priča orijentisanih na rešenja. Ne zadovoljava svaka priča ove kriterijume i to je u redu - ali nadamo se da će vas ovo podstaknuti na razmišljanje:

1

Duboko se fokusira na odgovor na društveni problem

Test: Ako priča ne opisuje odgovor, onda to nije novinarstvo orijentisano ka rešenjima. Odgovor treba objasniti u kontekstu problema koji se pokušava rešiti. Dokumentovanje uzroka tog problema razjasniće mogućnost za rešenje kako bi se ostvarila ravnoteža i uticaj.

2

Istražuje do najbitnijih detalja kako odgovor funkcioniše

Sjajna priča orijentisana ka rešenjima istražuje kako rešiti probleme, tražeći odgovor na pitanja poput: Koji modeli su uspešni u unapređivanju obrazovnog ishoda i kako se to zapravo radi? Priča je vođena rešavanjem problema, a napetost leži u inherentnim poteškoćama u rešavanju problema.

3

Fokusira se na efikasnost, a ne na dobre namere, predstavljajući dostupne dokaze o rezultatima

Novinarstvo orijentisano ka rešenjima odnosi se na ideje - ali kao i svako dobro novinarstvo, potkrepljeno je određivanjem toga šta deluje (a šta ne) čvrstim dokazima gde je to moguće. Za ideje u ranoj fazi, gde jedini "dokaz" mogu biti tvrdnje pouzdanih posmatrača, ključno je ne preuveličavati.

4

Pruža ne samo inspiraciju, već i uvid koji drugi mogu da koriste

Ono zbog čega je novinarstvo orijentisano ka rešenjima uverljivo je otkriće - putovanje koje čitaocu ili gledaocu donosi uvid u to kako svet funkcioniše i kako bi mogao da funkcioniše bolje.

5

Razmatra šta kod nekog pristupa ne funkcioniše

Ne postoji savršeno rešenje za društveni problem. Svaki odgovor nosi upozorenja, ograničenja i rizike. Dobro novinarstvo orijentisano ka rešenjima ne beži od nesavršenosti.

16 Comments

  • Sophie Fung

    As an educator, I can guarantee you these 4 principles also work perfectly for planning lessons in social studies !

  • Barney Lerten

    In other words, every response/'solution' has tradeoffs - unintended consequences, messy details, political challenges and the like. But it sure beats just leaving people shrugging their shoulders and saying "yeah, that's a problem, alright - but what can I do?"

  • Joel Viets

    I love the fact that you point out how a responsible reporter covers what doesn't work and is transparent about it. I feel like I've seen a lot of very biased reporters over the last few years who only want to present one side to a story or discussion.

  • Amijah Jackson

    It seems that asking follow up questions during the interview process could be beneficial in Solutions Journalism. I think by asking follow up questions based from what the interviewee says it can make writing the story smoother because more information was collected, than just the questions prepped before.

  • Karis Balôck

    In order to practice this module, I have created a two-part exercise : I went back to an article I had written about a solution and highlighted with 4 different colors the sentences that corresponded to each aspect of solutions journalism. After that I have written a new outline of the same article using the Solutions Journalism lens. It actually helped me see with more clarity what made this solution so efficient.

  • Ify Yusuf

    Open ended questionnaire is best for SOJO. I think this should be reviewed to include an element of sustainability. In a case where there is no data your focus would be on explaining why its not working within that context.

  • Kunnathully Kishore

    I am a working journalists, also involved in training the rural journalists not having basic education in journalism mainly in tribal belt of Chhattisgarh, India. We have been laying emphasis on solution based journalism from the negativity. I hope these course will provide better insight into the solution based journalism.

  • Sallu Kamuskay

    I am from Sierra Leone, a country where most journalists don't have time to find solutions to the stories they share, this is mostly because most of them are politically divided. all they care about is the bad or good news depending on the party in power. not the problem, why the problem, and the solution. This is one of the reasons that pushed me into a freelance journalist and created a blog, www.salonemessengers.com. I am looking forward to learning and sharing these ideas with my team. thank you so much for this. very very helpul.

  • Naima Mungai

    The link for the final questions has an error code. Otherwise, very interesting set of problems.

  • Lourdes Perez Ramirez

    ¿Consideran ustedes que hay alguna diferencia entre el periodismo social (social journalism) y periodismo de soluciones? Do you consider there is any difference between social and solutions journalism? If so, which and why? Thanks.

  • Crysly Egaña

    El periodismo de soluciones está enfocado en la respuesta a un problema social. Ahora, si la respuesta no tiene buena repercusión, de acuerdo con la evidencia encontrada ¿aún se presenta como periodismo de soluciones? Pareciera que el enfoque solo se utiliza si la respuesta, con su respectiva evidencia, dio buenos resultados.

  • Chidindu Mmadu-Okoli

  • Chidindu Mmadu-Okoli

    I love this approach to journalism. Most stories tend to have open-ended angles seeking answers. But, these five points pf focus have opened my eyes to know that stories can also be told from the angle of impact and response and how it is measured.

  • Andrew Hobbs

    These resources are excellent, and I use them in teaching. One question: can you give an example of the 'insight' point?

  • Miguel Herrera Castro

    I'm no a journalist but this approach to journalism is a very interesting angle from which to explore how to communicate NGOs and government's social programs from an insiders view. I think it's always relevant to discuss (in point 2) how the solution can be financially sustainable, what segment of people it targets and what are the intermediate results between the solution and it's desired impact.

  • Chibuike Alagboso

    So does it mean that an amazing idea that has potential to impact a large group of people can be investigated as a solutions story? This is in reference to the last part of point 3 - For early-stage ideas, where the only “evidence” may be the assertions of credible observers, the key is to not overclaim.

Resources

„Osetio sam veliko zadovoljstvo u tim pričama zato što se nisam samo žalio na problem u Filiju, već sam ponudio neke nove ideje čitaocima. I mislim da se reakcijom u društvenim medijima naglašava da ljudi traže tu vrstu učešća, jer podstiče još dijaloga.“

Dejvid Gambakorta (David Gambacorta)
Philadelphia Magazine!
Back To Learning Lab
Quiz Yourself

Spot the "imposter"

Can you tell which stories are good solutions journalism—and which are just posing? Click on the links to read both stories in each pair, and select the one that you think meets the five criteria. Then click the buttons below to reveal the imposters.

Pair 1 (of 4)

Story B is the imposter!

The word “hero” is the giveaway here. Maggie Doyne obviously is doing good work for children in Nepal. But the focus of this story is her, rather than on the response itself and how it works. In a solutions story, the idea comes first; a visionary leader can be an important character, but that person shouldn’t drive the narrative.

Pair 2 (of 4)

Story B is the imposter!

Solutions stories stick to the facts: Here’s what’s happening, here’s how it works, and here’s the evidence. This piece invites readers to take specific actions as ways to address the problem of homelessness among veterans. It’s not bad for people to get involved in causes – but encouraging them to do one thing or another isn’t the job of journalists.

Pair 3 (of 4)

Story A is the imposter!

Usually, a ball is, in fact, just a ball. This story actually does a good job of explaining how One World Futbol works, but it dramatically overclaims without corresponding evidence. Remember: There is no perfect or even “best” response to a problem; every solution has weaknesses, and those should be acknowledged.

Pair 4 (of 4)

Story A is the imposter!

We call this a “think tank” story: It reveals an idea for a response to the problem of access to higher education – but that idea is just an idea, not an innovation that’s been put into practice. Think-tank stories typically emerge from academic research or the policy realm, and they can be useful in guiding reporters to actual responses that are playing out on the ground. But solutions journalism is anchored in responses that actually exist now.

Dobro došli

Kako da znam da nešto NIJE novinarstvo orijentisano ka rešenjima?