NOT REGISTERED? REGISTER HERE
Expand 2x Expand hover 2x
Close sidemenu Close sidemenu hover
内容
  1. I. 引言 (30m)
  2. II. 基本报道 (60m)
  3. III. 基本的故事叙述 (30m)
Resources

基础知识工具箱

如何识别非解困型新闻?

How do i know if its not

我们发现,要解释解决方案是什么,举出反例往往更有效。以下是媒体中出现的7类不属于解困型新闻的冒牌货。 

英雄崇拜

这类新闻故事颂扬某个人,而忽略了这个人所代表的想法。这类新闻故事讲述的不是某种解决问题的措施有哪些好处,而是大讲特讲推行这一措施的某个人是如何为了拯救世界而放弃他的高薪工作的。

灵丹妙药

这类新闻故事常见于技术与创新版面,用诸如“救命之宝”等天花乱坠的描述来形容某些新设备。此外,值得注意的是金钱有时候也被当作是“灵丹妙药”。

友情协助

辨认这一类反例有时候也很简单,因为这类新闻报道里只是或者主要是它所报道的那个组织的声音。与上述那类“灵丹妙药”新闻报道一样,这类新闻也缺少一段“当然啦,成功的风险还是有的”这样的客观文字。这类新闻看起来就像是略加遮掩的公关稿件。

智库新闻

观点性新闻如果它所报道的确实是为解决问题而已经采取了的应对措施(及其结果),这就属于解困型新闻。但是“智库新闻”则属于把尚不存在之事作为解决方案的那类新闻。

说干就干

许多人看到“解困型新闻”一词的第一反应是以为我们所推广的是那种鼓励读者点击页面底部链接打赏5美元的文章。这类新闻故事先对读者动之以情,然后呼吁读者支持某项事业,以此作为“解决”这一问题的途径。

事后思考

这类新闻会在关于问题的报道结尾加入一段文字或原声摘要,对解决问题的努力不痛不痒地表达一点支持。这类新闻报道并不真正地重视解决方案,而只是把它当做某种事后的一点思考买一送一似的呈递给读者。

暖心故事

这类新闻报道的是一些古怪另类的孤立事件,经常出现在晚间新闻末尾或是感恩节期间,例如卖柠檬汽水的孩子或是给宠物猪做轮椅的人(而且讽刺的是这只宠物猪的名字叫克里斯·P·培根)。这类新闻故事告诉观众,世界上还有好心人在做好事,但是压根儿不涉及我们希望解困型新闻去关注的那些结构性问题。

1 评论

  • Will Driscoll

    It seems there's something you don't like about journalism that proposes something that doesn't yet exist ("think tank journalism"). Is that because you think such writing should be published as an op-ed instead? Or perhaps you believe that an idea is only worth writing about if it has been tried. What if it takes discussion of 10 ideas before identifying three worth trying, and then trying those three ideas to find the one that works best. Should journalists turn their backs on the "discussion of 10 ideas" phase?

Resources

Small x 2x Small x hover 2x

“我认为直陈别人的失败并加以呵斥……这并不总是促成改变的最有效方式。”

Claudiarowe
克劳蒂娅·罗威(Claudia Rowe)
《西雅图时报》
如何识别解困型新闻?

为什么要做解困型新闻?
I WORK IN, TEACH, OR STUDY JOURNALISM Not a journalist, but I want to learn about solutions.
AS A MEMBER, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:
  • Access our training curriculum or attend a training
  • Share your stories
  • Join a local community of journalists
  • Attend story workshops and events to hone your craft
  • Get funding and additional support
  • Access the full Solutions Story Tracker®
  • Save favorite stories and create collections in your user profile
  • Receive emails containing the above offerings via occasional email throughout your membership
TO JOIN, PLEASE SUBMIT THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION (*=REQUIRED)

Not a journalist? Register here instead.

Your information will be used to better support and enable your membership. We care about your privacy and, in accordance with GDPR regulations, request your consent before giving you access to the membership services described above. You will also receive customized communications tailored to your interests as described by your selections. We will never sell your information to 3rd parties. You can cancel your membership and change your communications preferences at any time, though this may prevent you from participating in the opportunities provided by this program. View our full privacy policy here. By clicking submit, you accept these terms.

Here is what you will get:
  • Unlimited access to thousands of stories from around the world
  • First look and access to new features, tools, and resources
  • Curated newsletters with top stories
  • Invitations to SolutionsU® community events
  • Receive emails containing the above offerings via occasional email throughout your membership
  • And much more to come…
It’s easy and will take less than 2 minutes.

Journalist or J-School? Register here instead.

Your information will be used to better support and enable your membership. We care about your privacy and, in accordance with GDPR regulations, request your consent before giving you access to the membership services described above. You will also receive customized communications tailored to your interests as described by your selections. We will never sell your information to 3rd parties. You can cancel your membership and change your communications preferences at any time, though this may prevent you from participating in the opportunities provided by this program. View our full privacy policy here. By clicking submit, you accept these terms.