NOT REGISTERED? REGISTER HERE
Expand 2x Expand hover 2x
Close sidemenu Close sidemenu hover
内容
  1. I. 引言 (30m)
  2. II. 基本报道 (60m)
  3. III. 基本的故事叙述 (30m)
Resources

基础知识工具箱

为什么要做解困型新闻?

新闻业的主流变革理论认为,揭示社会问题可以促进改革。记者的责任就是通过监督和曝光时弊来警示社会,除此之外别无其它。

但是我们认为这种变革理论还不够。

记者如果止步于揭露社会弊端,然后寄希望于社会制定更好的法律或进行更严格的监管,这是远远不够的。当今世界面临的问题纷繁复杂,瞬息万变,人们必须了解那些比较靠谱的应对社会问题的措施,才能从中汲取力量,认清哪些参与者有能力让社会变得更美好。在此背景下,新闻业必须加强自身的传统角色,聚焦改善社会痼疾的适应性措施。除此之外,还有什么原因让你应该选择解困型新闻报道呢?

因为解困型新闻是优秀的新闻。

你可能注意到我们的标签是“完整的故事”。我们相信解困型新闻能让现在的新闻方式变得更加准确、完整。新闻报道若不能涵盖社会问题的应对措施,就是对现实不准确、不客观的反映,这实际上是有害于社会。记者如果老是强调问题的存在而忽视针对这些问题采取了哪些措施,这种做法就会传递出一种错误信息:人们不曾尝试解决问题,或是不知道如何解决问题。

解困型新闻增加了读者的参与。

解困型新闻故事如同《犯罪现场调查》和《豪斯医生》电视剧,通常紧密围绕“如何做到”这个问题展开:有人实现了值得新闻关注的成果;他们的做法与别人有何不同?这种叙事方法如果运用得当,就能引发并保持读者的兴趣。解困型新闻在社交媒体上获得分享的几率更大。部分原因在于这类新闻故事能让听众感受到鼓舞,从而不致失去兴趣,也不会对新闻中的社会问题无动于衷或冷嘲热讽。社会科学研究以及我们与“参与新闻项目”共同支持的研究都已经证实了以上现象。

解困型新闻能产生影响。

解困型新闻展示不同机构如何以不同方式应对社会问题,从而推动公共的关注和讨论。通过几例报道的观察,我们发现,比起公说公有理婆说婆有理的争吵,以解决方案为导向的新闻报道能促成建设性更强、分歧更少的对话。人不会因为别人指出他们的问题就轻易做出改变;还要看到可借鉴的模式,才愿意做出改变。社会也是这个道理。

2 评论

  • Jeremías Aspen

    En Argentina, el periodismo es oficiado por los NO de este punto: ¿por qué practicar el periodismo de soluciones. Estamos cansados de las discusiones mediáticas entre periodistas "de renombre" que solo luchan por tener la razón y no por la solución. Por eso quiero, y siento como deber, ejercer el periodismo de soluciones.

  • Jeremías Aspen

    En Argentina, el periodismo es oficiado por los NO de este punto: ¿por qué practicar el periodismo de soluciones. Estamos cansados de las discusiones mediáticas entre periodistas "de renombre" que solo luchan por tener la razón y no por la solución. Por eso quiero, y siento como deber, ejercer el periodismo de soluciones.

Resources

Small x 2x Small x hover 2x

“读者不希望看到那些只报道负面、只报道问题的新闻故事,这样的新闻让他们感到无助、感到沮丧,让他们觉得似乎对社区和整个社会的参与毫无意义。报道那些有助于解决他们所关心的某一社会问题的计划及技术,这才是他们最需要的新闻故事。”

Lizgoodwin
丽兹·古德温(Liz Goodwin)
雅虎新闻
如何识别非解困型新闻?

解困型新闻的能产生什么样的影响?
I WORK IN, TEACH, OR STUDY JOURNALISM Not a journalist, but I want to learn about solutions.
AS A MEMBER, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:
  • Access our training curriculum or attend a training
  • Share your stories
  • Join a local community of journalists
  • Attend story workshops and events to hone your craft
  • Get funding and additional support
  • Access the full Solutions Story Tracker®
  • Save favorite stories and create collections in your user profile
  • Receive emails containing the above offerings via occasional email throughout your membership
TO JOIN, PLEASE SUBMIT THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION (*=REQUIRED)

Not a journalist? Register here instead.

Your information will be used to better support and enable your membership. We care about your privacy and, in accordance with GDPR regulations, request your consent before giving you access to the membership services described above. You will also receive customized communications tailored to your interests as described by your selections. We will never sell your information to 3rd parties. You can cancel your membership and change your communications preferences at any time, though this may prevent you from participating in the opportunities provided by this program. View our full privacy policy here. By clicking submit, you accept these terms.

Here is what you will get:
  • Unlimited access to thousands of stories from around the world
  • First look and access to new features, tools, and resources
  • Curated newsletters with top stories
  • Invitations to SolutionsU® community events
  • Receive emails containing the above offerings via occasional email throughout your membership
  • And much more to come…
It’s easy and will take less than 2 minutes.

Journalist or J-School? Register here instead.

Your information will be used to better support and enable your membership. We care about your privacy and, in accordance with GDPR regulations, request your consent before giving you access to the membership services described above. You will also receive customized communications tailored to your interests as described by your selections. We will never sell your information to 3rd parties. You can cancel your membership and change your communications preferences at any time, though this may prevent you from participating in the opportunities provided by this program. View our full privacy policy here. By clicking submit, you accept these terms.